Pronouns Rule (English)

2018-02-06 12:42:24

What is a Pronoun?
The pronoun is a word used in place of a noun in order to avoid repetition of the latter.

Kinds of Pronouns

1. Personal Pronoun:- Which is used in place of nouns referring to persons.
I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, ours [1st person]
You, your, yours [ 2nd person]
He, his, him, she, her, hers, it, its, they, them, their, theirs [ 3rd person]

2. Demonstrative Pronouns:- Words used for nouns to point out objects.
This, that, these, those, etc.
Ex:- This is my book. 2. That is her house.

3. Relative Pronouns:- Words used for nouns to express functions relating to ‘Who, which, that, whose, whom ‘ etc.
Ex:- The book that I bought is very costly.

4. Interrogative Pronouns:- Words used for nouns to ask questions ‘ Who, What, Which, Whose, Whom.
Ex:- Who took my bag?
Ex:- Whom did you meet?

5. Indefinite Pronouns:- Words used for nouns in vague and general meaning ‘ Everybody, nobody, somebody, either, neither, all, much, several, each, others another’ etc.

6. Reflexive Pronouns:- When action done by the subject turn back upon the subject, are reflective pronouns ‘ Myself, ourselves, himself, themselves, yourself’ etc.
Ex:- I hurt myself, They enjoyed themselves at the party.

7. Distributive Pronouns:- Which refer to persons or things one at a time.’ Either, neither, each, none, anyone’ etc.
Ex:- Either of you can go.
8. Reciprocal Pronouns:- Words used to point out mutual relationship.’ Each, other, one another’ etc.
Ex:- Bother the brothers love each other.

Rules of Pronoun

Rule 1.
When the subject of the verb is the receiver of the
When the subject of the verb is the receiver of the
When the subject of the verb is the receiver of the action, the action is said to be reflected. Such verbs are used reflexively.
Resign, acquit, apply, adapt, adjust, revenge, absent, avenge, amuse, enjoy, exert, avail, etc are used reflexively.
Ex- He resigned himself to his failure.

Rule 2.
The following verbs are not used reflexively.
‘Keep, stop, turn, quality, bathe, move, rest, hide ‘ are not used reflexively.
Ex:- You should keep yourself from bad boys. ( Drop yourself).

Rule 3.
The use of Indefinite Pronouns: they are always singular.
Either, neither, each, everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, something, anybody, anyone, anything, nobody, no one, many a, whatever etc.
Ex:- Neither of the students is intelligent.

Rule 4.
When two subjects are joined by ‘As well as, together with, along with, and not, in addition to, like, unlike, with rather than, except, no less than, etc. The pronoun agrees with the 1stsubject.
Ex:- Mohan, as well as his friends, is doing his work.

Rule 5.
When to subject are joined by
Either-or, neither-nor, not only-but also, none-but, etc. The pronoun agrees with the 2nd subject.
Ex:- Neither the commander nor his juniors are taking in charge.

Rule 6.
Either, neither, each other ‘ is used in speaking of two persons or things.
Ex:- Either of his eyes is defective.
‘Anyone, none, one another’.
Are used while referring to more than two persons or things.
Ex:- Indian should never fight with one another.

Rule 7.
If three pronouns of different person singular are used together in the same sentence, they are arranged in the following order.
2nd + 3rd + 1st (person)
Ex:- You, he and I are friends.
When three plural pronouns are used together in the same sentence, then we arrange in the following order
1st + 2nd + 3rd (person)
Ex:-We, you and they were absent.

Rule 8.
Use of it
1.Things without life
Ex:- He gave me a book. It was old.
2. Children and Animals when sex not mentioned.
Ex:- I saw a child. It was playing.
3. Speaking of the weather, the season, the time.
Ex:- It is spring, It is raining, It is 5 o clock.
4. If a pronoun stands for a collective noun, being treated as a whole, then it is used.
Ex:- The jury gave its decision.

Rule 9.
Use of that
1. After the words, all, the same, none, nothing, any, only, the few, the little.
Ex:- You may take any book that you like.
2. As a substitute for single noun already mentioned.
Ex:- The climate of Shimla is cooler than that of Delhi.

Rule 10.
When a pronoun is used as the complement of the verb ‘ to be ‘ it should be in the nominative case(subjective case).
Ex:- If I were he, I would not do it.

Rule 11.
Verbs and Prepositions are followed by an objective case of a pronoun.
Ex:- Between you and I, Sonia is intelligent.

Rule 12.
Use of Both
‘Both’ should be followed by ‘and’ not by ‘as well as’, Negative is avoided with both.
Ex:- Both you, as well as my brother, are going to attend her marriage tomorrow.
(Use and in the place of as well as)
Ex:- Both of them are not going there. (Use Neither in the place of Both)

Rule 13.
‘Which’ is used in place of ‘Who’ when we are referring to a choice between two or more than two things or persons.
Ex:- Of the two sisters who are the more intelligent. (Use ‘which’ in place of ‘who’)
Ex:- Who is your father in the crowd? (Use ‘which’ in place of ‘who’)

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