Adjective Rule ( English)

2018-02-07 02:56:56

Adjective

An adjective is a word that tells us about or and to the meaning of a noun.

Example:- She is a strong player.


There are following two classes of adjectives.

Descriptive

Determiner

Adjectives have three degrees of comparison.

  1. Positive degree (tall)
  2. Comparative degree (taller)
  3. Superlative degree (tallest)

Rules of Adjectives

Rule 1.

The comparative adjective such as

Prior 2) Junior  3) Senior  4) Superior  5) Inferior  6) Prefer 7) Preferable 8) Elder etc are followed by  ‘to’ instead of ‘than’.

  • Example:- He is senior than me in service.

                                               (Use “to” in place of “than”)

Example:- Sonia prefers coffee rather than tea.

                                (Rather than in the place of “to” is correct)


Rule  2.

When two different qualities in the same person are compared, ‘more’ is used instead of ‘er’.

Example:-  Sonia is more fair than polite.

                     Paul is more wise than accurate.

When two different qualities in the same person are Superlative, place ‘est’ before the most.

Example:- Paul is the most handsome and the smartest man in the college.

(the smartest and the most handsome)   


 Rule 3.

There are some adjectives which don’t admit to any comparative and superlative degree.

  • Prefect 2)Unique  3) Ideal 4)Chief  5)Universal 6)Complete 7)Extreme  8)Entire 9)Excellent 10)Supreme etc.

Example:- I have never seen a more complete book on English.     ( Remove “ more ”)  


Rule 4.

Use of some important adjectives

Little, A little, The little

Few, A few, The few

Little – is used for quantity. It means hardly any. (Negative sense)

 

Few is used for a number. It means hardly anyone (Negative sense)

 

Little, less, least

 

Few, fewer, fewest

 

A little means not much (some).

 

A few means not many(some)

The little means not much but all.

 

The few means not many but all

 

Ex:- A little knowledge is a dangerous thing

 

Ex:- Only a few people came


Rule 5.

Some

Any

Some is used in affirmative and request case

Any is used for negative and interrogative sentences

Some are used as an adjective.

After hardly, scarcely and barely

Somewhat is used as an adverb.

No any and no any are wrong expressions.

Ex:- There is some water in the bottle.

Ex:- Will you have some milk?

Ex:- There is not any sugar in a pot.

Ex:- Are there any girls in your school?

Ex:- I have hardly any money.


Rule 6.

Older/ Oldest

Elder/ Eldest

It is used for persons and things

It is used for persons only

Not blood relation.

Blood relations

Old, older, oldest

Old, elder, eldest

It refers to both age and time

It refers to age only, and not followed by then

Ex:- Paul is older than Sonia.

Ex: Ram is the eldest of the three sisters.


Rule 7.

Other

Another

It means the second of the two.

It means additional one.

Ex:- This car here is new. The other car is about ten years old.

Ex:- Would you like another cup of coffee?


Rule 8

Farther

Further

It means away in term of distance/advancement

It means more/ additional

Far, farther, farthest

 

Ex:- The nearest house was much farther than she thought.

Ex:- Further discussion will be held in the office of the principal.


Rule 9.

Later and Latest

Latter and Last

It refers to time

It refers to position

Ex:- We will talk to you later.

Ex:- The former part of the film is more interesting than the latter part.


Rule 10.

Cardinal and Ordinal used

Cardinal – One, Two, Three …

Ordinal – First, Second, Third…

If both use together Ordinal precedes the Cardinal.

Ex:- The four first boys will be given the chance.

(The first  four boys)


Rule 11.

When two nouns are compared, it is very important that same parameter of both the nouns should be compared.

Ex:- India’s population is lesser than China.

(than that of China)


Rule 12.

In comparing to things, using the comparative degree.

The superlative should not be used

Ex:- Best book between Laxmikanth Polity and D.D. Basu Constitution of India.

(Better book between Laxmikanth Polity and D.D. Basu Constitution of India)


Rule 13.

Double comparative and double superlative is not allowed.

Ex:-  He is more wiser than Peter.

Correct – He is wiser than Peter.


Rule 14.

When two adjectives qualify the same noun, both the adjective should be expressed in the same degree.

Ex:- She is the most active and energetic social worker in our club.

(Use ‘most’ before ‘energetic’)


Rule 15.

The following adjectives word cannot be used before a noun.

  • Afraid 2)asleep 3)ready 4)aware 5) alone 6 )ill 7)sure 8) worth

Ex:- alone boy, afraid lady etc are wrong expressions.

Ex:- This book is worth reading.


Rule 16.

The order of adjectives qualifying a noun.

S S A C N M

Size

Shape

Age

Colour

Nationality

Material

Noun

Ex:- Twenty-year-old black African Negro.

 

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